delete all data

How do you delete all data? The simplistic approach would be to truncate all tables SQL> select table_name from user_tables; TABLE_NAME ———- T1 SQL> truncate table t1; Table truncated. You cannot truncate if you have referential integrity constraints. SQL> truncate table t2; ORA-02266: unique/primary keys in table referenced by enabled foreign keys Ok, let’s disable […]

tracefile tim to readable date format

In trace file, the time is recorded, this could be used to measure time between two timestamps But how do you convert 31796862227375 to a human format? This is how I proceeded : SQL> oradebug SETMYPID Statement processed. SQL> oradebug tracefile_name /u01/log/oracle/diag/rdbms/db01/DB01/trace/DB01_ora_32440740.trc SQL> alter session set nls_date_format=’YYYY-MM-DD_HH24:MI:SS’ sql_trace=true; Session altered. SQL> select ‘&_DATE’,’Start’ from dual; […]

job_name cannot be null

exec dbms_scheduler.create_job(job_name=>null,job_type=>’PLSQL_BLOCK’,job_action=>’BEGIN NULL; END;’) ORA-27451: JOB_NAME cannot be NULL ORA-06512: at “SYS.DBMS_ISCHED”, line 146 ORA-06512: at “SYS.DBMS_SCHEDULER”, line 288 ORA-06512: at line 1 This sounds like a proper error message. A bit less obvious is the drop_job message SQL> exec dbms_scheduler.drop_job(job_name=>null) ORA-20001: comma-separated list invalid near ORA-06512: at “SYS.DBMS_UTILITY”, line 236 ORA-06512: at “SYS.DBMS_UTILITY”, line […]

list database monitoring users

I am quite familiar with the SYSMAN tables but this one required me some googling beyond the Oracle documentation. The list of targets in your Oracle Enterprise Manager is in SYSMAN.MGMT_TARGETS. Each database target is monitored by a database user, typically DBSNMP. To retrieve this information, you need some to hijack your database, read this […]

Irrecoverable full backup part II : reporting

After my post Can you restore from a full online backup ?, I needed to come up with a report. Assuming that each backup goes in a different directory, I just wrote two reports. Report gaps in v$backup_redolog (or rc_backup_redolog if you use the catalog) DIR FIRST_CHANGE# NEXT_CHANGE# ——- ————- ———— /bck01/ 284891 285140 /bck01/ […]

Can you restore from a full online backup ?

The question is not HOW TO DO IT but WHETHER YOU CAN DO IT ! A typical backup script would contains something like BACKUP DATABASE PLUS ARCHIVELOG: backup database format ‘/u99/backup/DB01/20150518/full_0_%d_s%s_p%p’ plus archivelog format ‘/u99/backup/DB01/20150518/arc_%d_s%s_p%p’; Starting backup at 2015-05-18_18:27:55 current log archived input archived log thread=1 sequence=469 … piece handle= /u99/backup/DB01/20150518/arc_DB01_s86_p1 Finished backup at 2015-05-18_18:27:58 […]

run sudo, ssh, password, su in simulated interactive mode

Some commands do not like non-interactive mode $ passwd newpassword > newpassword > EOF Changing password for user lsc. Current password for lsc@example.com: passwd: Authentication token manipulation error $ echo oraclepassword | su – oracle standard in must be a tty $ echo sudopassword | sudo su – oracle [sudo] password for lsc: sudo: sorry, […]

bypass ora-20

When you really need to run one script, at all cost, an annoying error is ORA-00020: maximum number of processes (40) exceeded, which can even occurs as sysdba. Test case (21 is a not something to do in real life): SQL> alter system set processes=21 scope=spfile; System altered. SQL> startup force quiet ORACLE instance started. […]

How to convert Excel file to csv

#excel to #csv in #powershell (New-Object -ComObject Excel.Application).Workbooks.Open("c:x.xlsx").SaveAs("c:x.csv",6) — laurentsch (@laurentsch) February 13, 2015 One-liner to convert Excel to CSV (or to and from any other format). There is a bug 320369 if you have excel in English and your locale is not America. Just change your settings to us_en before conversion.

Unusable index

After table maintenance, like move or split partition, underlying indexes are marked as unusable. This boils down to segment reorganisation, not dictionary change. For instance : CREATE TABLE t(x NUMBER) PARTITION BY RANGE(x) (PARTITION p1 VALUES LESS THAN (MAXVALUE)); CREATE INDEX i ON t (x); INSERT INTO t VALUES (1); ALTER TABLE T SPLIT PARTITION […]

Do you have a partition in 2015

You need to check the high_value from dba_tab_partitions. Or you you could metadata. With metadata, it is not a long, it either clob or clob-xml. SELECT t.table_name, MAX ( TO_DATE ( REGEXP_SUBSTR ( EXTRACT ( (VALUE (x)), ‘HIBOUNDVAL’).getStringVal (), ‘ \d{4}-\d{2}-\d{2} \d{2}:\d{2}:\d{2}’), ‘YYYY-MM-DD HH24:MI;:SS’)) high_value FROM user_tables t, TABLE ( XMLSEQUENCE ( EXTRACT ( xmltype […]

anonymous cypher suites for SSL (and a 12c pitfall)

If you configure your listener for encryption only, you do not really need authentication. It works pretty fine until 11.2.0.2, I wrote multiple posts on ssl. You add SSL_CLIENT_AUTHENTICATION=FALSE to your server sqlnet.ora and listener.ora and specify an “anon” cipher suite in your client. You do not need to validate the certificate, so a default […]

How to *really* send a script to the background

Let’s check this small script – foo.sh #!/bin/sh echo foo.1:`date` | tee $HOME/tmp/foo.txt sleep 3 echo foo.2:`date` | tee -a $HOME/tmp/foo.txt $ $HOME/tmp/foo.sh foo.1:Thu Nov 27 17:34:53 CET 2014 foo.2:Thu Nov 27 17:34:56 CET 2014 Very obvious, I write to the console, wait three seconds, then write to the console. Ok, let’s take another script […]

KeepAlive socket in 12c listener

A not uncommon issue with firewalls and listeners are timeouts. Your production database may be behind a firewall, you may connect from a remote location, even your Windows workstation may have some firewall activated, possibly you use ssh tunnels or TCPS. All those occasionally lead to timeouts and connection abortion, for instance ORA-03113 end-of-file on […]

12.1.0.2 on AIX

just released today http://www.oracle.com/technetwork/database/enterprise-edition/downloads/index.html only in Enterprise Edition at the moment, and now available on HPUX, zLinux and AIX #oracle12c #db12102 is out for a bunch of platform #aix #os390 #hpux #zlinux — laurentsch (@laurentsch) November 17, 2014 This is the first and last patchset for 12cR1 #oracle 12.1.0.2 is the last patch set for […]

one more stragg

select to_char( sum( power(100,rownum-1)* deptno ), ‘FM99G99G99G99G99’, ‘NLS_NUMERIC_CHARACTERS=,;’ ) deptlist from dept DEPTLIST ————— 40;30;20;10 I also wrote about distinct listagg. The same applies for sum distinct. select to_char( sum(power(1e3,d-1)*deptno), ‘FM999G999G999’, ‘NLS_NUMERIC_CHARACTERS=,;’ ) deptsum, to_char( sum(distinct power(1e2,d-1)*deptno), ‘FM99G99G99’, ‘NLS_NUMERIC_CHARACTERS=,;’ ) deptsumdist, to_char( sum(power(1e1,d-1)), ‘FM9G9G9’, ‘NLS_NUMERIC_CHARACTERS=,;’ ) deptcount, to_char( sum(power(1e4,c-1)*comm), ‘FM9999G9999G9999G9999G9999’, ‘NLS_NUMERIC_CHARACTERS=,;’ ) commlist from ( […]