Ftp is seen as an old-time unsecure protocol. Many shops nowadays have switched or are switching to sftp. I will try to point out some differences :
Compatibility: none. the protocol is completly different. Multiple graphical clients however do support both mode. But the basic “ftp” client will not work with sftp.
Ascii mode: only in ftp. In sftp, it is always binary so there will be no conversion. Also no blocksize, recordlength or primary/secondary space for your OS/390 connections.
Interactive mode: similar. you enter your username and password, do cd, put and get. But to quit, by will not work in sftp 😉 Use quit or exit instead
Batch mode: different. Most probably you will end up setting a private/public key infrastructure for your ssh connection and use scp (secure copy). If you are using a ssh client like putty, it is possible to do something like pscp -l user -pw password server:file .
Security: sftp is secure, ftp is not.
Speed: ftp is fast, sftp is slow 🙁 !
Oh NOOOOOOO!!!!! What’s the point is bringing something new if it is slower !!!
Ok, let’s try to download a 100m file:
$ time (echo "open dbsrv01
user oracle secret
get 100m"|ftp -n )
$ time scp -q oracle@dbsrv01:100m .
it is about 4x slower! Is there anything we could do about it?
Well, maybe :
$ time scp -q -o Compression=yes oracle@dbsrv01:100m .
ssh/scp/sftp have a compression mode. If you are transferring your large files across a slow network, this may be an interesting option to consider !
OpenSSH homepage : http://www.openssh.org