Is it safe to do a TO_NUMBER(TO_CHAR(:n)) ?

var n number
exec :n :=  9.9999999999999999999999999999999999e125
select to_number(to_char(:n)) from dual;
ORA-01722: invalid number

SQL Reference
If a positive NUMBER value is extremely large and cannot be represented in the specified format, then the infinity sign (~) replaces the value

select to_char(:n) from dual;

I wrote more about infinity here

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